→Stokesay Castle: A 13th century, fortified manor house located close to the Welsh Border. A major power base on the banks of the River Thames near Oxford.
During the medieval period was used by the Empress Matilda, Prince Richard, Queen Isabella, and the Black Prince.
Simon de Montfort is buried beneath the site of the High Altar. →Battle of Evesham: Here, on August 4th 1265 took place a battle between the forces of Simon de Montfort and Prince Edward at which the latter prevailed.
→Fountains Abbey: Built 1132 by Benedictines who were in occupation until dissolution in 1539. Was subject to extensive rebuilding and repair work in 12th and 13th centuries.
The building was slighted on orders of Parliament in 1646.
→Oxford Castle: Built 1071 by Robert d’Oilly incorporating older, Saxon features.
→Canterbury Cathedral: This is the centre of the worldwide Anglican Communion. The current building dates from the 11th century and features various architectural styles including: Norman, Perpendicular and Gothic. →Castle Rising: An impressive 12th century castle which is substantially intact. However, it was effectively demolished after the Dissolution in 1540.
Inside is one of the oldest pieces of stained glass in Britain, dating from c.1176. →Canterbury Castle: One of the oldest castles in Britain, dating from time of the Norman Conquest ( 1070) and Henry I (1100-1135). Built by William D’Albini and used by the Black Prince in later years. The Bell Tower is the only remaining structure of substance.
→Rievaulx Abbey: Founded 1132 by a contingent of Cistercian monks.
Enlargement undertaken in 13th and 15th centuries followed by extensive restoration and rebuilding in Victorian times. Inside is one of the four remaining original copies of the 1215 Magna Carta.
The building has been used as a court and prison for about 900 years. →Middleham Castle: Constructed in the 12th century by Robert Fitzrandolph.
For the purpose of this web page, the medieval era covers the period between the Battle of Hastings in 1066 and the Battle of Bosworth in 1485.
During this time England experienced wars, extensive castle building, social changes, a new legal framework, crusades, the Black Death, construction of great abbeys and monasteries and development of the English language.
The forces of Henry, Earl of Pembroke defeated those of the incumbent, King Richard III. Until the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1540, Durham Cathedral was the church of the local Benedictine Monastery.